What are Hemorrhoids?
How Do Hemorrhoids Form? Hemorrhoids are blood vessels that fill with blood and expand when you strain during bowel movements or do the heavy lifting, especially if you are not used to such activities. You are most likely to get hemorrhoids if you are 50 or older, have recently had a baby, have Crohn’s disease or irritable bowel syndrome, or spend long periods on your feet while working.
How common are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids, more commonly referred to as piles, occur when the veins around the anus or lower rectum become swollen. Piles can develop inside or outside the anal canal, and many experience constipation. There are no exact statistics on how common piles are because only about two-thirds of those affected go to their doctor for treatment. However, studies estimate that about one in five people will be diagnosed with piles at some point in their life, making it one of the most common diseases in adults over 50. Women are three times more likely than men to develop hemorrhoids, and they can affect anyone of any age, although they tend to be most common after age 50.
What are the types of hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lower rectum or anus, affecting nearly 50% of people at some point in their lives. They can be both painful and annoying, but there is help with remedies like:
- Over-the-counter medication,
- Ice packs, a heating pad,
- Stool softeners,
- And stool softeners.
In extreme cases, doctors may prescribe surgery. Hemorrhoid come in two main types: external (around the opening of the anus) and internal (higher up inside the rectum). External hemorrhoids come from increased pressure on the anal veins, which cause them to swell as well as become irritated or itchy.
Causes of hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids (a.k.a. piles) are swollen veins in the anus and rectum, usually due to chronic constipation or diarrhea, resulting in pain, bleeding, and itchiness. Hemorrhoids can be external (where they protrude from the anus) or internal (in which case they may cause only a slight swelling inside the rectum). This condition is relatively common: as many as 75% of people will experience it at some point in their lives! There are a few different causes of hemorrhoids. So, if you’re experiencing symptoms and want to try to alleviate them, you’ll need to find out what is causing your particular case. The two most common causes of hemorrhoid problems are chronic constipation and diarrhea.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
Some symptoms of hemorrhoids include bowel changes, rectal bleeding, constipation, painful or difficult bowel movements, and a vague feeling after a bowel movement. The most common symptom is bleeding from the anus. Often this blood may be bright red and show up on your underwear after a bowel movement. Other possible signs include itching in the anal area and narrowing the anus, making it more difficult to pass stool.
How to Treat Hemorrhoids at Home
They are inflamed veins in the anus or lower rectum. They mainly occur because of too much pressure in these areas. Straining while going to the bathroom is one of the most common causes. They can be uncomfortable but aren’t usually serious and don’t need treatment. You can also try applying ice packs to alleviate pain. If you’re still experiencing symptoms or have a bad case of hemorrhoids, you should see your doctor for advice and treatment options like creams, suppositories, surgery, and injections.
They are enlarged, painful veins in the anal canal. Common causes of this include straining to have a bowel movement, pregnancy, and being overweight. The symptoms may vary from one person to another, depending on the location and severity of the varicose vein. However, common symptoms include:
- Itching around the anus
- Pain when sitting or defecating
- Blood on toilet paper or stools
- Excessive wiping after bowel movements
- Tingling sensations around the anus
- A feeling that your bowels aren’t fully emptied when you finish having a bowel movement
Some treatments for acute pain include applying cool compresses and taking an OTC medication like ibuprofen.
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